Tsiame, the acient military headquarters of the Anlo State, lies 165
kilometers east of Accra, and is situated in the Keta district of the
Volta Region of Ghana. It is accessed off Abor on the Accra-Aflao
The town of Tsiame like other towns in the Volta Region was founded as a
result of the exodus from Notsie in the Republic of Togo. According to
the Legend, the flight from Fia Agorkorli’s tyranny was in three
divisions, Kumor, and the ancestors of the Tsorfo Clan journeyed with
Elder Sri’s group in the middle. The other fellow travellers were at
Akwamu, Mafi, Dzodze, Penyi and Peki. Kimor and his group broke off and
first settled at what is now known as Tsieve in Togo.
Following agitation by the young men in the group, the people again
moved on and settled at Avedi Kleve and then to Kleveme while Sri’s
group went on to Fiaxor.
It was while the Tsorfor were at Kleveme that they first encountered
Togbi Tsali, who performed many miracles and gave the people certain
tenets and relics, including the “Hawui” drums. Notable among the early
settlers at Kleveme were Ahadzie, Ahadzitse, Detatsu, Nyanua, Genteli
Since the Kleveme land was not fertile, the hunters among them were said
to have started looking out for more fertile lands. One of them named
Efia, discovered a pool of water which was later named “Efia wo ta.”
This could explain the name of the seasonal pool, “Fiate” at Tsiame.
Following the discovery of the water, the people engaged in farming
close to the water and returned to Kleveme at the close of the day.
However, with the passage of time, some of the people moved closer to
their new farms.
Ahadzi, Ahadzitse and many others died while at Kleveme, while others
decided to move on to look for more fertile lands.
Throughout their travels, the people carried with them the deity called
Badzi which they found at Hogbe. And while at Kleveme, Tsali gave them
Therefore, during their movement from Klemeve, the people carried with
them Badzi and the relics.
When they reached a spot, they divined and decided that place was
suitable for their needs. So they built their own dwellings and called
the place TSIAME for they were tired of hardship.
Nyanua, Datatsu and Gata remained at Xorvinu where they died. But the
brothers Genteli and Kordor decided to move futher afield.
Genteli however was not in favour of moving far away from Xorvinu and
therefore settled at the present day AGORNU because of a parable he gave
to his brother to the effect that one can only stretch one’s leg fully
after one has firmly settled down (Ame ƒe agornue soanyi hafi ata nya
His brother, Kordor however moved on till he came to a place where he
found a species of animals called Lu. He therefore named the place LUME.
Kordor, Genteli and their children built new huts and transferred the
relics of Tsali from Xornuvi into the new place, Kporganu.
Kporganu remains to this day relevant as the venue where major decisions
in respect of Tsali are taken.
With the passage of time, communication links were established with
neighboring communities. Therefore, other clans, notably the Lotsofewo
and Loafewo followed the Tsorfowo. Other clans asked for lands on which
the settled. They include the Xetsofe, Adzorvia craftsmen invited by the
people of Tsiame, Ame, Agave, and Kleviawo. The rest are the Like,
Bami, Tovi, Bate, Borlor, Adzevia and Amlade clans.
This group was obliged to make periodic visits to Tsiame for
purification and other rituals. The frequent visits to Tsiame earned the
group nickname the Anlos of Tsiame, “Anlo Tsiamewo”. With time, some of
the Anlo Tsiamewo married in the town and got integrated into the
The bonds of friendship that were forged during the exodus were not
forgotten. The people of Tsiame had become allies of the Akwamus as a
result of their moving together. And this was to prove useful during the
Ashanti wars of expansion.
The Akwamus had joined the Ashantis in their march to conquer the coast.
But having realized that Tsiame was a target, they withdrew.
The Asante warriors however pressed on Tsiame. Realising their state of
helplessness, Tsiame sent emissaries, Tsakpala and Kuedokpo to Atorkor
for help from a warrior called Atsieku. When the warrior arrived, he and
his people piched camp near Asadame, and Tsiame became the MILITARY
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ANLO STATE.
The battles which were fought did not favour the Ashanti.Mysterious
event led to the destruction of the Ashanti warriors.
Overwhelmed by these events, the warriors of Atorkor and Tsiame took a
solemn oath that no chief of Anlo would be recognized unless he was
installed in Tsiame and took a sacred oath under TSIAME WUTE.
Therefore, apart fron the awoame Fia(who must place his feet on sand
collected from the site) other Anlo chiefs must come to Tsiame for
installation first before theirmpresentation to the Awoamefia.
The Anlo slogan of “One firewood in the hearth was able to cook a meal”,
originated from the victory over the Ashanti warriors at Tsiame Wute.
After peace had returned, the people of Tsiame settled down to pursuit
of their economic activities.
The main economic activities of the people are farming, kente weaving
and fishing in the Keta Lagoon.
Christianity was introduced by the Roman catholic Church in 1922,
followed by the Bremen Mission a year later. The traditional religions
which are practiced in Tsiame are the Yewe Cult, Afa Cult and numerous
Tsiame is surrounded by towns and villages, some of which used to be the
farm lands of our fathers. Some of these are avenorfeme, Abor, Weme,
Kutsidzi, Sashienyeme, Netsime, Norliwortagbor, Heluvi, Dorveme,
Kporgui, Lotsuiwodo and Havene.